Investment Fund Structures
Alternative investment manager can launch a fund using structures such as a master-feeder structure, a side-by-side structure, along with side pockets and different share classes depending on the type and residence of the prospective investors.
The master-feeder structure is a combined hedge fund structure in which the domestic and offshore funds feed into a single onshore/offshore master fund. The master-feeder structure allows U.S. investors to contribute to the domestic fund, while foreign investors and tax-exempt U.S. investors can participate in the offshore fund.
Side-by-side structure is where the domestic fund and the offshore fund are incorporated to manage the fund strategy pari passu in both funds without a master fund. A side-by-side structure is used more often for fund of funds, as there is a significant amount of work involved to effect a trading strategy as well as the duplication of administration for the two funds.